Cloud Native Applications and VMware

After quite a bit of radio silence I’m going to write about Cloud Native Applications and VMware approach to those.
After spending some time looking into container technologies with open source software it’s nice to see that VMware is jumping on the boat by adding their enterprise vision which is probably the missing part compared to other solutions.
I will start by preparing a template for all the services that I will install and I will do it the VMware way by using PhotonOS which I intend to use as proof of concept for vSphere Integrated Containers (VIC), Photon Controller, Harbor and Admiral.
PhotonOS is a lightweight operating system written just for running containerized applications and such; I have to say that after getting familiar with it I quite like its simplicity and quick approach to all day to day activities.
First thing first, you have to choose your deployment type, there are a few:


I won’t describe the process as it’s pretty straightforward, I’ll just say that I manually installed PhotonOS with the ISO choosing the Minimal install option.

After installing we need the IP address and we also need to enable root to ssh into the box:

ip add     # show ip address info
vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config     # PermitRootLogin = yes
systemctl restart sshd     # restart ssh deamon

Then ssh as root and continue:

mkdir .ssh
echo "your_key" >> .ssh/authorized_keys
tdnf check-update
open-vm-tools.x86_64 10.0.5-12.ph1 photon-updates
nss.x86_64 3.25-1.ph1 photon-updates
shadow.x86_64 4.2.1-8.ph1 photon-updates
linux.x86_64 4.4.8-8.ph1 photon-updates
python-xml.x86_64 2.7.11-5.ph1 photon-updates
docker.x86_64 1.11.2-1.ph1 photon-updates
systemd.x86_64 228-25.ph1 photon-updates
python2-libs.x86_64 2.7.11-5.ph1 photon-updates
python2.x86_64 2.7.11-5.ph1 photon-updates
procps-ng.x86_64 3.3.11-3.ph1 photon-updates
filesystem.x86_64 1.0-8.ph1 photon-updates
openssl.x86_64 1.0.2h-3.ph1 photon-updates
systemd.x86_64 228-26.ph1 photon-updates
systemd.x86_64 228-30.ph1 photon-updates
python2-libs.x86_64 2.7.11-7.ph1 photon-updates
python-xml.x86_64 2.7.11-7.ph1 photon-updates
python2.x86_64 2.7.11-7.ph1 photon-updates
curl.x86_64 7.47.1-3.ph1 photon-updates
pcre.x86_64 8.39-1.ph1 photon-updates
openssl.x86_64 1.0.2h-5.ph1 photon-updates
openssh.x86_64 7.1p2-4.ph1 photon-updates
openssl.x86_64 1.0.2j-1.ph1 photon-updates
iptables.x86_64 1.6.0-5.ph1 photon-updates
systemd.x86_64 228-31.ph1 photon-updates
initramfs.x86_64 1.0-4.1146888.ph1 photon-updates
glibc.x86_64 2.22-9.ph1 photon-updates
open-vm-tools.x86_64 10.0.5-13.ph1 photon-updates
rpm.x86_64 4.11.2-11.ph1 photon-updates
linux.x86_64 4.4.26-1.ph1 photon-updates
initramfs.x86_64 1.0-5.11330561.ph1 photon-updates
python2.x86_64 2.7.11-8.ph1 photon-updates
curl.x86_64 7.47.1-4.ph1 photon-updates
bzip2.x86_64 1.0.6-6.ph1 photon-updates
tzdata.noarch 2016h-1.ph1 photon-updates
expat.x86_64 2.2.0-1.ph1 photon-updates
python2-libs.x86_64 2.7.11-8.ph1 photon-updates
python-xml.x86_64 2.7.11-8.ph1 photon-updates
docker.x86_64 1.12.1-1.ph1 photon-updates
cloud-init.x86_64 0.7.6-12.ph1 photon-updates
bridge-utils.x86_64 1.5-3.ph1 photon-updates
linux.x86_64 4.4.31-2.ph1 photon-updates
systemd.x86_64 228-32.ph1 photon-updates
curl.x86_64 7.51.0-1.ph1 photon-updates
initramfs.x86_64 1.0-5.11343362.ph1 photon-updates
cloud-init.x86_64 0.7.6-13.ph1 photon-updates
open-vm-tools.x86_64 10.1.0-1.ph1 photon-updates
initramfs.x86_64 1.0-5.11353601.ph1 photon-updates
cloud-init.x86_64 0.7.6-14.ph1 photon-updates
vim.x86_64 7.4-6.ph1 photon-updates
linux.x86_64 4.4.35-1.ph1 photon-updates
libtasn1.x86_64 4.7-3.ph1 photon-updates
tdnf upgrade -y
vim x86_64 7.4-6.ph1 1.93 M
tzdata noarch 2016h-1.ph1 1.52 M
systemd x86_64 228-32.ph1 28.92 M
shadow x86_64 4.2.1-8.ph1 3.85 M
rpm x86_64 4.11.2-11.ph1 4.28 M
python2 x86_64 2.7.11-8.ph1 1.82 M
python2-libs x86_64 2.7.11-8.ph1 15.30 M
python-xml x86_64 2.7.11-8.ph1 318.67 k
procps-ng x86_64 3.3.11-3.ph1 1.04 M
pcre x86_64 8.39-1.ph1 960.35 k
openssl x86_64 1.0.2j-1.ph1 5.23 M
openssh x86_64 7.1p2-4.ph1 4.23 M
open-vm-tools x86_64 10.1.0-1.ph1 2.45 M
nss x86_64 3.25-1.ph1 3.87 M
libtasn1 x86_64 4.7-3.ph1 161.48 k
iptables x86_64 1.6.0-5.ph1 1.46 M
linux x86_64 4.4.35-1.ph1 44.76 M
initramfs x86_64 1.0-5.11353601.ph1 11.49 M
glibc x86_64 2.22-9.ph1 50.97 M
filesystem x86_64 1.0-8.ph1 7.14 k
expat x86_64 2.2.0-1.ph1 242.58 k
docker x86_64 1.12.1-1.ph1 82.59 M
curl x86_64 7.51.0-1.ph1 1.24 M
cloud-init x86_64 0.7.6-14.ph1 1.93 M
bzip2 x86_64 1.0.6-6.ph1 1.65 M
bridge-utils x86_64 1.5-3.ph1 36.61 k

Total installed size: 272.23 M

bridge-utils 19201 100%
bzip2 526008 100%
cloud-init 509729 100%
curl 898898 100%
docker 25657821 100%
expat 92851 100%
filesystem 16357 100%
glibc 19396323 100%
initramfs 11983289 100%
linux 18887362 100%
iptables 416848 100%
libtasn1 98060 100%
nss 1591172 100%
open-vm-tools 912998 100%
openssh 1853448 100%
openssl 3192392 100%
pcre 383441 100%
procps-ng 458368 100%
python-xml 86471 100%
python2-libs 5651168 100%
python2 741755 100%
rpm 1761294 100%
shadow 2002202 100%
systemd 11856941 100%
tzdata 633502 100%
vim 1046120 100%
Testing transaction
Running transaction
Creating ldconfig cache


After that I rebooted since the “linux” package was updated and that stands for the kernel version.
You can check the kernel version loaded with:

uname -a

More customizations:

vi /boot/grub2/grub.cfg     # edit "set timeout=1"
iptables --list     # show iptables config which by defaults allows only SSH inbound
vi /etc/systemd/scripts/iptables     # edit iptables config file

I like to enable ICMP inbound, you can find the rule I added as the last one before the end of file:


systemctl restart iptables
iptables --list     # check running configuration includes ICMP inbound
systemctl enable docker     # enable docker loaded at boot

In coming days I will follow up with VIC, Photon Controller, Harbor and Admiral using this PhotonOS VM as template.


One Response to Cloud Native Applications and VMware

  1. Pingback: vSphere Integrated Containers | MyVirtuaLife.Net

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